Food security exists when all people, at all times, have access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Food can therefore be acquired even by resorting to emergency food supplies (relief food), or other coping strategies. Supplementary food support, in this regard is of high priority in improving the health of starving school-going children and prolonging the lives of the HIV positive and old caregivers (delaying orphan hood).
Supplementary feeding program contribute immensely towards improving the nutrition and quality of life of children, the world’s most vulnerable people at critical times in their lives, as well as those of their caregivers.
Hunger poses a serious threat to health and productivity of children and the entire community. When food security is at risk, development aid is not considered appropriate. Malnutrition stunts growth, intellectually and physically, and ultimately damages children’s productivity as adults. Better homes, schools and irrigation are vital in the battle against hunger and poverty. But the poor cannot afford to invest in new assets.
Supplementary feeding program is actually a short-term response to food needs of the vulnerable, giving them time and resources to build new houses, learn new agricultural skills, buy new technology and, ultimately, build a better future.
To provide a package of supplementary food support to 47 households (180 OVC) every month to increase their average number of meals taken daily from none to at least two.
- Enhance the ability of 47 households (180 OVC) to access food.
- Improved school attendance and academic performance of 180 OVC
- Delay orphan hood by prolonging the lives of caregivers.
Karungu division of Migori District in Nyanza is prone to frequent food insecurity. Owing to seasonal crop failures; food is not easily availabile and less accessible to many.
A number of households live in hunger and fear of starvation. The cumulative AIDS deaths continue to rise and the impact on community members is becoming increasingly severe.
The HIV/AIDS situation in this area does not reflect the significant decline from a national peak of about 14% in 2000 to the current 5.1%. Nyanza province is second to Nairobi in HIV prevalence at 7.8% and 10.1% respectively with over 650,000 (36.1%) OVC being the highest in Kenya (NACC 2007).
Karungu community hosts approximately 15,000 OVC whose needs have overwhelmed the traditional social support systems and continue to live in conditions that are characterized by poverty and food insecurity. Only up to about 23% families in Kenya have the financial resources to escape extreme poverty and rarely suffer from chronic hunger; while at least 77% families not only suffer from chronic hunger, but are also the segment of the population most at risk during food shortages and famines.