PMTCT Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV


  1. To prevent and maintain the psychological, mental, and social state of women during childbirth and negative HIV infants; to provide health education in order to prevent infections and maintain personal and nutritional hygiene.
  2. Ensure the health of the newborn (HIV negative), born of a positive HIV mother, with counselling on the correct method of feeding the child and laboratory tests and the possibility of using antiretrovirals.
  3. Ensure a healthy situation for the positive mother by educating her on sexual practices for birth control and providing information on adequate breastfeeding. This will help her live as serenely as possible in her positive state of mind.


  1. Anamnesis.
  2. Lab tests such as hemoglobin, VDRL, urine, weight, and blood pressure are used to monitor newborns.
  3. Physical examination of the whole body.
  4. Administration of prophylaxis: malaria, vermifuge, and vitamins.
  5. Health education on the dangers during gestation, childbirth, and post-partum. Individual schedule of childbirth, use of mosquito net with treatment, importance of resorting to treatment in time.
  6. Refer the most serious cases to the doctor.
  7. Administration of Nevirapine to the mother at the beginning of contractions and Nevirapine syrup to the child after childbirth, within 72 hours.
  8. Counselling for safe sexual practice, prevention of sexually transmitted infections, risk of breastfeeding after the sixth month and alternative for a balanced diet.
  9. Ongoing training of staff working in the project.

This project has 3 nurses-midwives and 1 auxiliary. Information material is used for users and operators. A HIV rapid test kit is used. For the information is used: a television with video houses and a overhead projector.